Different types of counselling and therapies

Different types of counselling and therapies

When we think of counselling, the clichéd image of someone airing their problems ‘on the couch’ often springs to mind. However, few people actually realise the wide range of therapies available out there, each with different practices and tailored to treat and support different needs. DisCUss takes a look at some of the most widely-practiced therapies:

Counselling allows you to talk about your feelings and problems in a confidential and safe environment. A trained Counsellor will listen with empathy and help you deal with negative or confusing thoughts and feelings. It is ideal for those who are fundamentally healthy, but need help coping with a current crisis, such as anger, bereavement or divorce.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), is a talking therapy used to help treat a wide range of emotional and physical health conditions including anxiety disorders, depression, bipolar disorder and compulsive obsessive disorders. CBT is designed to help you think about how you perceive a situation and how this then affects the way you respond to it, physically and emotionally.

The therapist and client work together to recognise unhelpful thoughts or behaviours, and think about how these could be adapted for a positive change.

Behavioural Activation
Behavioural Activation is a talking therapy that encourages positive behaviour as you carry out constructive activities. This can include planning things, tackling tasks you would normally avoid and implementing strategies to help you maintain a mindful and motivated mind-set.

Mindfulness is a therapy practice that helps you focus on your thoughts and feelings without allowing yourself to become overwhelmed by them. It can be an effective method to help treat depression, stress, anxiety and addiction.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction incorporates techniques such as meditation, gentle yoga and mind-body exercises to help people learn how to cope with stress and reconnect with themselves.


The NHS Choices website offers more information about types of counselling available.

Did you know our Counselling courses are BACP approved? Find out more at CU Coventry, CU London and CU Scarborough.